Summary of Examination Activities

Convening of Testing Committees

   Meetings of the Hazardous Materials Engineers Test Committee and Fire Defense Equipment Officers Test Committee are respectively convened as required.
   At these meetings, such topics as the compilation of examination questions are deliberated by committee members whom are appointed by the President.

Creation of Standard Examination Forms

   Examination forms are all created at the Center Headquarters for distribution to its prefectural branches. As a result, examination is administered by using identical examination questions throughout Japan.

Determination of Examination Schedules

   The annual examination schedule is determined by each prefectural branch at the start of the year, after which Headquarters determines the overall schedule.

Administering and Scoring Tests

   In prefectures besides Tokyo, tests are given several times a year at classrooms of universities, high schools, and other educational facilities. In Tokyo, one of the two types of examinations are given nearly every week at the Central Testing Center which functions as the regular examination site.
   The answer cards of examinations administered by prefectural branches are sent to Headquarters which conducts uniform computerized scoring of all the cards and then notifies the branches of the test results.

Announcement of Examination Results

   The prefectural branches publicly announce the names of successful applicants about three weeks after a hazardous materials officers examination and about four weeks after a fire defense equipment officers examination. In addition the Central Testing Center publicly announces the names of successful applicants on either the same day as a hazardous materials officers examination or about 10 days after a fire defense equipment officers examination.


Overview of License Card Issuance

   Since April of 1988, hazardous materials engineer's licenses and fire defense equipment officer's licenses have been issued by the Center under commission from prefectural governors. Because of the shift to a license card system due to legal reform enacted in April 1989, a computerized processing system has been adopted to simplify and rationalize licensing activities.
   Licensing work includes the tasks of the "issue of a new card" to successful examination applicants; "revision of legal domicile, etc." after a change in the legal domicile(except when within the same prefecture) or name of a licensed officer(in Tokyo, note that this task is handled by the Fire Department); "photograph renewal" of licensed officer's cards after every 10 years; and "card re-issue" if a card is lost, destroyed, or damaged.
   Note that the following types of licenses exist

Hazardous Materials Engineer's Licenses

  The classes of licenses cards and hazardous materials that can be handled for each license are specified below.

Class of License Item
Class A All sorts of hazardous materials
Class B Group 1 Oxidizing solids, chlorates, perchlorates inorganic peroxides, hypochlories
Group 2 Combustible solids, phosphorus sulfide, red phosphorus, sulphur iron powders, metal powders, magnesium
Group 3 Spontaneously combustible materials and water-prohibitive materials, potassium, sodium, alkyl aluminum, yellow phosphorus
Group 4 Flammable liquids, gasoline, alcohols, kerosene, light oil, heavy oil, animal fats and vegetable oils
Group 5 Self-reactive materials, organic peroxides, ester nitrates, nitro compounds
Group 6 Oxidizing liquids, perchloric acid, hydrogen peroxide, nitric acid
Class C Gasoline, kerosene, light oil, etc.

Fire Defense Equipment Officers Licenses

  The classes of licenses and fire defense equipments that can be installed or maintained for each license are specified below.

License Class Fire defense equipment
Class A Special group Special fire defense equipment
A or B
Group 1 Wall hydrant systems, sprinkler systems, water spray extinguishing systems, and outdoor fire hydrant
Group 2 Form extinguishing systems
Group 3 Carbon dioxide extinguishing systems halogenated hydrocarbon fire extinguishing systems, dry chemical extinguishing systems
Group 4 Automatic fire alarm systems, gas leakege fire alarm systems, fire alarm systems for notifying fire brigade
Group 5 Metallic escape ladders, life chutes, automatic descending lifelines
Class B Group 6 Fire extinguishers
Group 7 Electric leakage alarm devices

Definition of a Hazardous Materials Engineer

Facilities where a Hazardous Materials Engineer must be posted

  A hazardous materials engineer must be posted without fail at facilities where over a given quantity of hazardous materials are stored and handled, such as chemical plants, gas stations, petroleum storage tanks, tank trucks, and so on.

Duties of Hazardous Materials Engineer

  Class A hazardous materials Engineer may handle, conduct periodic inspections, and conduct safety supervision of all hazardous materials, whereas Class B hazardous materials officer may perform the same for designated hazardous materials.
  Moreover, in the presence of such qualified engineer, non qualified persons may handle or conduct periodic inspections of hazardous materials.
  Class C hazardous materials engineer may handle and conduct periodic inspections of specific hazardous materials(such as gasoline, kerosene, and heavy oil).

Qualifications for taking the Hazardous Materials Engineers examination

  • Class A :
    1. Graduates that majored in chemistry or completed a chemistry related program at a university, junior college, or vocational high school or persons recognized to possess equal or higher scholastic ability thereto.
    2. Class B hazardous materials engineers with at least two years of experience in handling hazardous materials.  
  • Class B and C:
     Can be taken by anyone.

Definition of a Fire Defense Equipment Officer

Installation of Fire Defense Equipment

  Depending on the use, scale, and human capacity of theaters, department stores, hotels and similar buildings, it is legally required to install fire defense equipment such as indoor fire hydrants, sprinkler systems, and automatic fire alarm systems.

Duties of a Fire Defense Equipment Officer

  The class A officer can install, maintain, and inspect fire defense equipment, whereas the class B officer can maintain and inspect fire defense equipment.

Qualifications for taking The Fire Defense Equipment Officers examination

  • Class A:
    1. Graduates that majored in mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, industrial chemistry, civil engineering, or architecture at a university, junior college, or vocational school, high school.
    2. Class B fire defense equipment officer with at least two years of experience in maintaining fire defense equipment.
    3. Persons recognized to possess scholastic ability or experience equal to or higher than the preceding Items 1 or 2.
  • Class B:
     Can be taken by anyone.